Turkish bath hammam: beauty and health in an oriental way15.09.2022
Turkish bath hammam: historical background
The first hamam baths did not appear in Turkey at all, but, according to historians, even under the Arab Caliphate, at the end of the 7th century, namely after the conquest of Alexandria. The Arabs were amazed by the luxury and healing effect of the Roman baths, they fell in love with them very much, after which they built the first steam rooms in their homeland.
As a rule, it was customary to build hammam baths of that time at mosques – the laws of Islam prescribed strict and impeccable hygiene. But after several centuries, the hammam baths began to turn into a kind of secular clubs. Even wealthy residents who had bathrooms in their own homes preferred to visit the public hamam baths, because there they could discuss the latest news, gossip heartily and argue on all sorts of topics. In addition, the ritual of bodily cleansing was partly equated with the washing away of sins, so that starting from the 9th century, a boom in the construction and use of the hamam bath began in the Arab world. The baths were luxuriously decorated – gold and silver dishes, marble rooms, expensive Persian hand-made carpets. As a rule, the decoration of public baths for hamams was donated by wealthy citizens – in this way they atoned for their sins and misdeeds.